An extensional tectonic ph ase from the Late Pliocene to prese nt with a maximum value in Lower-Middle Pleistocene strongly controlled the evolution of the central Apennines area and the Umbria region as well. Together with this extensional condition, isostatic uplift occurred in Lower Pliocene. As a consequence two large and continuous basins crossed the area from NW to SE. Along the eastern margin of the region, parallel to the first ones, other smaller basins are present. The depres- sions are recognizable as intramontane basins crossed by superficial drainage networks belonging to River Tevere catchment. Alluvial and colluvial deposits, eroded from neighbouring slopes, fill the basins. Allu- vial fans are one of the most common deposition landforms in this envi- ronment. In this paper, we started from a mapping inventory of alluvial fans in Umbria region. Identification and mapping of fans were carried out in the field, by using topographic maps and interpreting two sets of black and white aerial photographs. The boundaries of the fans were also crosschecked using a digital derivate hillshade from the 90 m DEM. The fan boundaries were drawn interactively on the shaded relief map based on the spatial distributions of slope, local relief and curvature. The fans are divided in inactive delta and fan delta and in active alluvial fans. Allu- vial fans in tectonically active areas are related to the ratio of sedimenta- tion to uplift rate. Geometric and sedimentary characteristics of the fans allow to understand the fault activity distribution in the region. We sup- posed a more recent evolution of the fans going from west to east, ac- cording to the extensional stress field migration.

The alluvial fans in the evolution of the umbrian intramontane basins,I conoidi nell{'}evoluzione delle conche intermontane umbre

Taramelli, A.;
2005

Abstract

An extensional tectonic ph ase from the Late Pliocene to prese nt with a maximum value in Lower-Middle Pleistocene strongly controlled the evolution of the central Apennines area and the Umbria region as well. Together with this extensional condition, isostatic uplift occurred in Lower Pliocene. As a consequence two large and continuous basins crossed the area from NW to SE. Along the eastern margin of the region, parallel to the first ones, other smaller basins are present. The depres- sions are recognizable as intramontane basins crossed by superficial drainage networks belonging to River Tevere catchment. Alluvial and colluvial deposits, eroded from neighbouring slopes, fill the basins. Allu- vial fans are one of the most common deposition landforms in this envi- ronment. In this paper, we started from a mapping inventory of alluvial fans in Umbria region. Identification and mapping of fans were carried out in the field, by using topographic maps and interpreting two sets of black and white aerial photographs. The boundaries of the fans were also crosschecked using a digital derivate hillshade from the 90 m DEM. The fan boundaries were drawn interactively on the shaded relief map based on the spatial distributions of slope, local relief and curvature. The fans are divided in inactive delta and fan delta and in active alluvial fans. Allu- vial fans in tectonically active areas are related to the ratio of sedimenta- tion to uplift rate. Geometric and sedimentary characteristics of the fans allow to understand the fault activity distribution in the region. We sup- posed a more recent evolution of the fans going from west to east, ac- cording to the extensional stress field migration.
AlluvialFans, Morphotectonics,Umbria(Italy)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/9590
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