We report the results of the first X-ray observation of the luminous and helium-rich O-type subdwarf BD +37° 442 carried out with the XMM-Newton satellite in 2011 August. X-ray emission is detected with a flux of about 3× 10-14 erg cm-2 s-1 (0.2-1 keV) and a very soft spectrum, well fit by the sum of a blackbody with temperature kT BB = 45+11 - 9 eV, and a power law with a poorly constrained photon index. Significant pulsations with a period of 19.2 s are detected, indicating that the X-ray emission originates in a white dwarf or neutron star companion, most likely powered by accretion from the wind of BD +37° 442.
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