After being approved by the National Drug Agency in several countries, Radium-223 (Ra-223) is gaining wide acceptance in the treatment of bone metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer. The exact mechanism of action remain unclear: The established model of direct alpha-particle irradiation from the remodelling bone surface, where Ra-223 accumulates, surrounding the tumor foci can explain a lethal effect only on metastatic microdeposits, but not on higher tumor burden. According to the "pre-metastatic niche model", it is likely that Ra-223 targets several non-tumoral cell types of the tumor microenvironment involved in the complex mechanism of cancer bone homing and colonization. A deeper insight into this hypothetical mechanism will lead to a more accurate dosimetric approach and to find optimal sequencing and/or combination with the other therapeutic options.

Radium-223 and metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: All that glitters is not gold

Persico, Marco G;
2016

Abstract

After being approved by the National Drug Agency in several countries, Radium-223 (Ra-223) is gaining wide acceptance in the treatment of bone metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer. The exact mechanism of action remain unclear: The established model of direct alpha-particle irradiation from the remodelling bone surface, where Ra-223 accumulates, surrounding the tumor foci can explain a lethal effect only on metastatic microdeposits, but not on higher tumor burden. According to the "pre-metastatic niche model", it is likely that Ra-223 targets several non-tumoral cell types of the tumor microenvironment involved in the complex mechanism of cancer bone homing and colonization. A deeper insight into this hypothetical mechanism will lead to a more accurate dosimetric approach and to find optimal sequencing and/or combination with the other therapeutic options.
Bone metastases; Castration resistant prostate cancer; Pre-metastatic niche model; Radium-223; Tumor microenvironment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/4583
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