Polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan (PVA/Ch) hydrogels containing 1 and 3wt% of lignin nanoparticles (LNPs) were prepared through a freezing-thaw procedure. Results from microstructural, thermal and mechanical characterization of LNPs based PVA/Ch demonstrated that the lowest amount of LNPs (1wt%) was beneficial, whereas the presence of agglomerates at higher LNP content limited the effect. Moreover, a different swelling behaviour was observed for hydrogels containing LNPs with respect of PVA/Ch, due to the formation of a porous honeycomb-like structure. A synergic effect of Ch and LNPs was revealed in terms of antioxidative response by DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) activity of migrated substances, whereas results from antimicrobial tests confirmed LNPs as effective against Gram negative bacteria (E. coli) when compared to Gram positive (S.aureus and S. epidermidis) strains. The obtained results suggested the possible use of produced PVA/Ch hydrogels incorporating LNPs in many different sectors, such as drug delivery, food packaging, wound dressing.

Polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan hydrogels with enhanced antioxidant and antibacterial properties induced by lignin nanoparticles

BERTOGLIO, FEDERICO;
2018

Abstract

Polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan (PVA/Ch) hydrogels containing 1 and 3wt% of lignin nanoparticles (LNPs) were prepared through a freezing-thaw procedure. Results from microstructural, thermal and mechanical characterization of LNPs based PVA/Ch demonstrated that the lowest amount of LNPs (1wt%) was beneficial, whereas the presence of agglomerates at higher LNP content limited the effect. Moreover, a different swelling behaviour was observed for hydrogels containing LNPs with respect of PVA/Ch, due to the formation of a porous honeycomb-like structure. A synergic effect of Ch and LNPs was revealed in terms of antioxidative response by DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) activity of migrated substances, whereas results from antimicrobial tests confirmed LNPs as effective against Gram negative bacteria (E. coli) when compared to Gram positive (S.aureus and S. epidermidis) strains. The obtained results suggested the possible use of produced PVA/Ch hydrogels incorporating LNPs in many different sectors, such as drug delivery, food packaging, wound dressing.
Polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan (PVA/Ch) hydrogels; lignin nanoparticles; anibacterial and antibiofilm activity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/3969
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