Nonstructural elements (NEs) are generally defined as elements typically housed within buildings/facilities that are not part of the structural system. Nonstructural elements are often classified as architectural elements, mechanical/electrical/hydraulic systems, and building contents. Nonstructural elements are often associated with critical seismic risk, due to their high vulnerability and exposure to seismic actions, especially for critical facilities such as hospitals and nuclear plant facilities. Accordingly, the combination of major exposure and vulnerability makes NEs extremely critical in terms of seismic risk even for low to moderate seismicity. The paper reviews and evaluates the main international testing approaches and protocols for the seismic assessment of NEs by means of experimental methods, which are referred to for seismic qualification. Existing test protocols are technically analyzed considering quasi-static, single-floor dynamic, and multi-floor dynamic procedures, supplying technical and operative guidance for their implementation, according to the latest advances in the field. The study proposes novel perspectives and a unified approach for the seismic assessment and qualification of NEs. The technical recommendations lay the groundwork for a more robust and standardized testing and qualification framework. In particular, the provided data might represent the first step for developing code and regulation criteria for the experimental seismic assessment and qualification of NEs.

Experimental Seismic Assessment of Nonstructural Elements: Testing Protocols and Novel Perspectives

Roberto Nascimbene;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Nonstructural elements (NEs) are generally defined as elements typically housed within buildings/facilities that are not part of the structural system. Nonstructural elements are often classified as architectural elements, mechanical/electrical/hydraulic systems, and building contents. Nonstructural elements are often associated with critical seismic risk, due to their high vulnerability and exposure to seismic actions, especially for critical facilities such as hospitals and nuclear plant facilities. Accordingly, the combination of major exposure and vulnerability makes NEs extremely critical in terms of seismic risk even for low to moderate seismicity. The paper reviews and evaluates the main international testing approaches and protocols for the seismic assessment of NEs by means of experimental methods, which are referred to for seismic qualification. Existing test protocols are technically analyzed considering quasi-static, single-floor dynamic, and multi-floor dynamic procedures, supplying technical and operative guidance for their implementation, according to the latest advances in the field. The study proposes novel perspectives and a unified approach for the seismic assessment and qualification of NEs. The technical recommendations lay the groundwork for a more robust and standardized testing and qualification framework. In particular, the provided data might represent the first step for developing code and regulation criteria for the experimental seismic assessment and qualification of NEs.
2022
seismic assessment
nonstructural elements
seismic qualification
quasi-static testing
shake table testing
testing protocols
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/15158
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