Radiomics allows the extraction quantitative features from imaging, as imaging biomarkers of disease. The objective of this exploratory study is to implement a reproducible radiomic-pipeline for the extraction of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signature for prostate cancer (PCa) aggressiveness. One hundred and two consecutive patients performing preoperative prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and radical prostatectomy were enrolled. Multiparametric images, including T2-weighted (T2w), diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced images, were acquired at 1.5 T. Ninety-three imaging features (Ifs) were extracted from segmentation of index lesion. Ifs were ranked based on a stability rank and redundant Ifs were excluded. Using unsupervised hierarchical clustering, patients were grouped on the basis of similar radiomic patterns, whose association with Gleason Grade Group (GGG), extracapsular extension (ECE), and nodal involvement (pN) was tested. Signatures composed by IFs from T2w-images and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) maps were tested for the prediction of GGG, ECE, and pN. T2w radiomic pattern was associated with pN, ECE, and GGG (p = 0.027, 0.05, 0.03) and ADC radiomic pattern was associated with GGG (p = 0.004). The best performance was reached by the signature combing IFs from multiparametric images (0.88, 0.89, and 0.84 accuracy for GGG, pN, and ECE). A reliable multiparametric MRI radiomic signature was extracted, potentially able to predict PCa aggressiveness, to be further validated on an independent sample.

Advanced imaging analysis in prostate mri: Building a radiomic signature to predict tumor aggressiveness

Cava, C.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Radiomics allows the extraction quantitative features from imaging, as imaging biomarkers of disease. The objective of this exploratory study is to implement a reproducible radiomic-pipeline for the extraction of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signature for prostate cancer (PCa) aggressiveness. One hundred and two consecutive patients performing preoperative prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and radical prostatectomy were enrolled. Multiparametric images, including T2-weighted (T2w), diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced images, were acquired at 1.5 T. Ninety-three imaging features (Ifs) were extracted from segmentation of index lesion. Ifs were ranked based on a stability rank and redundant Ifs were excluded. Using unsupervised hierarchical clustering, patients were grouped on the basis of similar radiomic patterns, whose association with Gleason Grade Group (GGG), extracapsular extension (ECE), and nodal involvement (pN) was tested. Signatures composed by IFs from T2w-images and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) maps were tested for the prediction of GGG, ECE, and pN. T2w radiomic pattern was associated with pN, ECE, and GGG (p = 0.027, 0.05, 0.03) and ADC radiomic pattern was associated with GGG (p = 0.004). The best performance was reached by the signature combing IFs from multiparametric images (0.88, 0.89, and 0.84 accuracy for GGG, pN, and ECE). A reliable multiparametric MRI radiomic signature was extracted, potentially able to predict PCa aggressiveness, to be further validated on an independent sample.
2021
magnetic resonance imaging
prostate cancer
prostate cancer aggressiveness
radiomics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/13097
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