The magnetar SGR J1935+2154 underwent a new active episode on 2020 April 27-28, when a forest of hundreds of X-ray bursts and a large enhancement of the persistent flux were detected. For the first time, a radio burst with properties similar to those of fast radio bursts and with a X-ray counterpart was observed from this source, showing that magnetars can power at least a group of fast radio bursts. In this paper, we report on the X-ray spectral and timing properties of SGR J1935+2154 based on a long-term monitoring campaign with Chandra, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, Swift, and NICER covering a time-span of similar to 7 months since the outburst onset. The broad-band spectrum exhibited a non-thermal power-law component (Gamma similar to 1.2) extending up to similar to 20-25 keV throughout the campaign and a blackbody component with temperature decreasing from similar to 1.5 keV at the outburst peak to similar to 0.45 keV in the following months. We found that the luminosity decay is well described by the sum of two exponential functions, reflecting the fast decay (similar to 1 d) at the early stage of the outburst followed by a slower decrease (similar to 30 d). The source reached quiescence about similar to 80 d after the outburst onset, releasing an energy of similar to 6 x 10(40) erg during the outburst. We detected X-ray pulsations in the XMM-Newton data sets and derived an average spin-down rate of similar to 3.5 x 10(-11) s s(-1) using the spin period measurements derived in this work and three values reported previously during the same active period. Moreover, we report on simultaneous radio observations performed with the Sardinia Radio Telescope. No evidence for periodic or single-pulse radio emission was found.

The first 7 months of the 2020 X-ray outburst of the magnetar SGR??J1935+2154

P Esposito;A Tiengo;
2022

Abstract

The magnetar SGR J1935+2154 underwent a new active episode on 2020 April 27-28, when a forest of hundreds of X-ray bursts and a large enhancement of the persistent flux were detected. For the first time, a radio burst with properties similar to those of fast radio bursts and with a X-ray counterpart was observed from this source, showing that magnetars can power at least a group of fast radio bursts. In this paper, we report on the X-ray spectral and timing properties of SGR J1935+2154 based on a long-term monitoring campaign with Chandra, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, Swift, and NICER covering a time-span of similar to 7 months since the outburst onset. The broad-band spectrum exhibited a non-thermal power-law component (Gamma similar to 1.2) extending up to similar to 20-25 keV throughout the campaign and a blackbody component with temperature decreasing from similar to 1.5 keV at the outburst peak to similar to 0.45 keV in the following months. We found that the luminosity decay is well described by the sum of two exponential functions, reflecting the fast decay (similar to 1 d) at the early stage of the outburst followed by a slower decrease (similar to 30 d). The source reached quiescence about similar to 80 d after the outburst onset, releasing an energy of similar to 6 x 10(40) erg during the outburst. We detected X-ray pulsations in the XMM-Newton data sets and derived an average spin-down rate of similar to 3.5 x 10(-11) s s(-1) using the spin period measurements derived in this work and three values reported previously during the same active period. Moreover, we report on simultaneous radio observations performed with the Sardinia Radio Telescope. No evidence for periodic or single-pulse radio emission was found.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/12397
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