This paper focuses on a novel finite element formulation which can predict the bending moment-shear force-axial force interaction of reinforced concrete frames and walls, and validate it against 170 experiments available in literature. This distributed plasticity element is established on force-based finite element method, where the relationship between element nodal forces and section forces are exactly known. Hence, element discretization is nonessential when modelling frames using this formulation, reducing the number of degrees of freedom in the numerical model compared to displacement-based formulations. The computations are carried out at four hierarchical levels, namely structure, element, section and fibre. There are two nested iterative procedures at the structure level and the section level. In the existing formulation, these iterative procedures are computationally demanding due to use of initial stiffness matrices. Furthermore, it uses Modified Compression Field Theory at the fibre level, which has inherent drawbacks compared to its more evolved version, the Disturbed stress Field Model. The current study refines the iterative procedures at structure and section levels to fully operate with tangent stiffness matrices to improve the speed of convergence. In addition, the Modified Compression Field Theory is replaced with the Disturbed stress Field Model at the fibre level to compute fibre resisting force for a given fibre deformation, accounting for both averaged behaviour and local crack slip. The novel element is validated by comparing the predicted results with experimental results of 170 tests found in the literature. It is shown that the novel element predicts the load carrying capacity well with an average experimental-to-predicted load carrying capacity ratio of 0.99 and a coefficient of variation of 12.8%. Furthermore, the element can be used to discuss the different failure mechanisms of reinforced concrete frame elements.

Response of shear critical reinforced concrete frames and walls under monotonic loading

Nascimbene, Roberto
2022

Abstract

This paper focuses on a novel finite element formulation which can predict the bending moment-shear force-axial force interaction of reinforced concrete frames and walls, and validate it against 170 experiments available in literature. This distributed plasticity element is established on force-based finite element method, where the relationship between element nodal forces and section forces are exactly known. Hence, element discretization is nonessential when modelling frames using this formulation, reducing the number of degrees of freedom in the numerical model compared to displacement-based formulations. The computations are carried out at four hierarchical levels, namely structure, element, section and fibre. There are two nested iterative procedures at the structure level and the section level. In the existing formulation, these iterative procedures are computationally demanding due to use of initial stiffness matrices. Furthermore, it uses Modified Compression Field Theory at the fibre level, which has inherent drawbacks compared to its more evolved version, the Disturbed stress Field Model. The current study refines the iterative procedures at structure and section levels to fully operate with tangent stiffness matrices to improve the speed of convergence. In addition, the Modified Compression Field Theory is replaced with the Disturbed stress Field Model at the fibre level to compute fibre resisting force for a given fibre deformation, accounting for both averaged behaviour and local crack slip. The novel element is validated by comparing the predicted results with experimental results of 170 tests found in the literature. It is shown that the novel element predicts the load carrying capacity well with an average experimental-to-predicted load carrying capacity ratio of 0.99 and a coefficient of variation of 12.8%. Furthermore, the element can be used to discuss the different failure mechanisms of reinforced concrete frame elements.
Force based finite element formulationMoment-shear-axial interactionNonlinear static responseShear critical reinforced concrete frames
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12076/11159
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact